An Info Note which assess how and to extent climate change issues have been mainstreamed into Tanzania’s national policy and strategic documents with the title “Barriers to successful climate change policy implementation in Tanzania” highlight challenges for inadequate implementation of climate change policies in the country.
The info note broadly acknowledge the Tanzania government efforts towards addressing the adverse impacts of climate change at the international, national and local levels. Efforts at the national level include the development of effective strategic and institutional frameworks such as the National Climate Change Strategy of 2012 and Zanzibar Climate Change Strategy of 2014 that are crucial for the enhancement of the country’s climate change adaptation and mitigation agenda.
The two climate change strategies aim to, among other objectives, build capacity to climate change; enhance institutional and coordination arrangements to adequately address climate change; enhance participation in climate change mitigation activities; and mobilize financial support to tackle climate change.
In the Agriculture sector, strategic policy documents such as National Agriculture Policy (2013), the Agriculture Climate Resilience Plan (2014), the National Climate Smart Agriculture Programme (2015), the National Climate Smart Agriculture Guideline (2017) and National Climate Smart Agriculture Country Profile (2017) have also been developed for the same cause.
However, lack of an effective national finance mechanism to direct climate funds slows down implementation of climate change policies. This is claimed to be influence by the absence of comprehensive financing plan in the policy documents that highlights an expected source for funding for budgeted costs to execute implementation of its climate change agenda.
Poor coordination of climate change actions from the national level to the local level is another highlighted challenge; poor coordination among stakeholders hinders effective implementation of climate change actions as stipulated in the policy documents.
With considerably low adaptation responses to climate change issues among stakeholders, owing to limited climate change knowledge across levels, effective implementation of climate change policies requires an enhancement of country-level institutional capacities to strengthen the process to tackle climate change issues.
To address challenges of poor coordination and limited climate change knowledge in the agriculture sector. The Tanzania Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance (TCSAA) represents a promising opportunity for improved coordination, dialogue, and information sharing on Climate-Smart Agriculture related issues across levels in the country as recommended in the Tanzania Climate-Smart Agriculture Country Profile.