The 23rd Conference of the Parties (COP 23) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Bonn, Germany from 6th to 17th November 2017, marked a milestone for negotiations on agriculture by reaching a decision on next steps for agriculture within the UNFCCC framework, the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture.
The Joint Work decision on Agriculture enables countries and stakeholders to share views on the elements to be included in the work ahead of the next session of subsidiary bodies in April-May 2018. This presents an opportunity for countries and observer organizations to air their views on a number of issues, “starting with but not limited to the following”:
- Modalities for implementing the outcomes of the in-session workshops organized over the past years.
- Methods and approaches for assessing adaptation, adaptation co-benefits and resilience.
- Improved soil carbon, soil health and soil fertility under grassland and cropland as well as integrated systems, including water management.
- Improved nutrient use and manure management towards sustainable and resilient agricultural systems.
- Improved livestock management systems.
- Socioeconomic and food security dimensions of climate change in agriculture.
Actions on the ground – and learning from them – can inform the discussions that will take place. In order for transformation to occur, agriculture has to be seen in a broad sense to include policies, services and institutions.
Public private partnership will be a cornerstone for this transformation, together with efforts to scale up climate financing to the sector, transforming agricultural research for development, and building capacity, including through South-South cooperation mechanisms.
The work under the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture is only due for reporting back to COP26 in November 2020.