TCSAA joins the GCRF-AFRICAP study tour to understand pathways to resilient food and agriculture systems in Tanzania

TCSAA joins the GCRF-AFRICAP study tour to understand pathways to resilient food and agriculture systems in Tanzania

TCSAA joins the GCRF-AFRICAP study tour to understand pathways to resilient food and agriculture systems in Tanzania


Members of the Tanzania climate Smart Agriculture Alliance joined a study tour to Lushoto and Muheza Districts in Tanga region, Tanzania supported by the ‘’Agricultural and Food systems Resilience: Increasing Capacity and Advising Policy” (GCRF-AFRICAP) programme, funded by the UK government


The aim of the tour which took place from 15th – 21st March, 2020 was to share knowledge and practical insights from two independent projects, namely: Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG)/ONGAWA[1] Integrated Adaptation and Resilience Programme which was implemented at Muheza district between 2017 and 2019, and the GCRF-AFRICAP Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security Programme – Climate Smart Villages, which was implemented at Lushoto district between 2010 and 2019.


The intention of working in Lushoto is to utilize the Climate Smart Agriculture Learning Alliance link with the research activities to enable learning across districts up to regional level and use this evidence to impact the national level policy through policy engagement and feedback meetings.


The objectives of the learning study-tour was to:

  1. develop an improved understanding of local and regional vulnerability, climate-risk and uncertainty;
  2. ii) develop an improved awareness of agriculture and food system resilience, and of the supporting governance and policy processes and
  • iii) to gain new knowledge and practical insight from sharing experiences on climate-smart agriculture and food system programme design, implementation and monitoring & evaluation.


The tour team involved 28 participants from Tanzania Forestry Research Institute (TAFOR), Lushoto, farmers from farmers’ groups, Tanzania Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance (TCSAA), Muheza and Lushoto District Councils, University of Leeds, Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF), and Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI), Mlingano, Tanga and Selian, Arusha.


GCRF-AFRICAP is a major international programme funded by UK Research and Innovation’s Global Challenges Research Fund – to inform future policy conversations in Africa including Tanzania.


Some key learnings from the study tour include:

Competence of lead farmers on technologies and innovations: It was learnt that project farmers, especially in Lushoto district, where CCAFS programme has operated for almost ten years, were quite conversant with what they were doing. They were fluent in explaining the technologies and innovations introduced by researchers. This was also the case for farmers at Muheza study villages. That implies that farmers involved in projects have graduated from the field schools to become trainers of fellow farmers.


Limited adoption of introduced technologies by other farmers:  It was observed throughout the study villages that despite the proven benefits of introduced technologies and innovations, neighboring farmers in almost all villages hardly adopted. On probing why this has been the case, project farmers hinted that neighbors don’t want to learn expensive and hard to do activities like terraces.


Limited promotion of indigenous knowledge systems: The lessons learnt from Yamba village shows that despite the interesting story about the use of indigenous knowledge on weather forecasting, local experts are to a large extent elders who lamented that after the programme no one seemed to support them.


Limited knowledge and application of the national level policies, strategies and plans to local level by extension officers: When asked on their awareness of agriculture and food systems resilience policies, strategies, programs and plans developed at national level, significant majority of participants (except the group from Lushoto district) were unaware of the climate smart agriculture policies, strategies and resilience plans existing at national level.


The study tour identified important gaps to be addressed in future policy actions


For the full report and lessons learnt, see attached study report.


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[1] ONGAWA is a Spanish word which means ‘Water Non-Governmental Organization’.

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